In this page we will show you how to download necessary sources and build OpenWrt binaries for MACCHIATObin.
Prebuilt OpenWrt images can be downloaded from Software page, under OpenWrt.
OpenWrt is an open source firmware designed for embedded devices that is highly extensible and enables both users and customers to install a powerful, highly customizable variant of Linux on their routers.
Generating an installable OpenWrt firmware requires:
- ca. 200MB of hard disk space for OpenWrt build system
- ca. 300MB of hard disk space for OpenWrt build system + OpenWrt feeds
- ca. 2.1 GB of hard disk space for source packages downloaded during build from OpenWrt feeds
- ca. 3-4 GB or available hard disk space to build (i.e. cross-compile) OpenWrt and build the firmware image.
- ca. 1-4GB of RAM to build OpenWrt (building x86 images requires 4GB RAM)
Before proceeding, make sure to install all prerequisites for building OpenWrt:
These packages should be available for installation using your default distribution package manager. A complete list of dependencies and prerequisites can be found on OpenWrt's official Wiki pages.
In most cases, the (stable) GNU/Linux distribution of your choice should be sufficient for building the OpenWrt image. Just take care to do everything as non-root user.
However, if you are using testing repositories, bleeding-edge distros or latest/unstable development packages, you could encounter problems with building OpenWrt's cross-toolchain and/or compiler.
In these cases, we advise the use of Docker container with one of the stable images, e.g. Ubuntu 16.04. Setting up a running Docker image is outside of the scope of this tutorial.
Whichever method you require/prefer, take care of the following guidelines:
- Do everything as non-root user!
- Issue all OpenWrt build system commands in directory.
- Make sure to issue all OpenWrt commands in the directory where you have cloned OpenWrt, or in our case this will be the opt/openwrt/openwrt-dd/ directory.
- Changing ownership for working directories to other than root user (this will be covered a little later).
There are three Marvell LSP kernel versions (with OpenWrt patches on top) available for MACCHIATObin: 17.02, 17.06 and 17.10. The location where we will download the kernel source to is /opt/kernel/openwrt-kernel, so create the directory and position into it:
user@laptop:~$ mkdir -p /opt/kernel/ && cd /opt/kernel/
From here clone the kernel source and checkout the desired version:
- for 17.02:
user@laptop:/opt/kernel$ git clone https://github.com/MarvellEmbeddedProcessors/openwrt-kernel.git -b openwrt_17.02_release
- for 17.06:
user@laptop:/opt/kernel$ git clone https://github.com/MarvellEmbeddedProcessors/openwrt-kernel.git -b openwrt_17.06_release
- for 17.10:
user@laptop:/opt/kernel$ git clone https://github.com/MarvellEmbeddedProcessors/openwrt-kernel.git -b openwrt_17.10_release
OpenWrt version supported for MACCHIATObin is Designated Driver (DD), with additional patches for the boards. We will download OpenWrt sources to /opt/openwrt/openwrt-dd so create that directory and head into it:
user@laptop:~$ mkdir -p /opt/openwrt/openwrt-dd && cd /opt/openwrt/openwrt-dd
Depending on your chosen Marvell LSP kernel version, checkout the respective OpenWrt branch:
- for 17.02:
user@laptop:~$ git clone https://github.com/MarvellEmbeddedProcessors/openwrt-dd.git -b openwrt_17.02_release
- for 17.06:
user@laptop:~$ git clone https://github.com/MarvellEmbeddedProcessors/openwrt-dd.git -b openwrt_17.06_release
- for 17.10:
user@laptop:~$ git clone https://github.com/MarvellEmbeddedProcessors/openwrt-dd.git -b openwrt_17.10_release
NoteNote that you might need to set the right permissions for the working directories:
user@laptop:~$ sudo chown -R $(whoami):$(id -gn) /opt/kernel/ user@laptop:~$ sudo chown -R $(whoami):$(id -gn) /opt/openwrt/openwrt-dd/
After we have downloaded necessary repositories, from our OpenWrt directory (/opt/openwrt/openwrt-dd) we update and index the feeds with::
user@laptop:/opt/openwrt/openwrt-dd$ ./scripts/feeds update -a user@laptop:/opt/openwrt/openwrt-dd$ ./scripts/feeds install -a
Now we invoke OpenWrt's image configuration dialog:
user@laptop:/opt/openwrt/openwrt-dd$ make menuconfig
and in the menu, we select the following:
Target System ---> Marvell 64b Boards Target Profile ---> MACHIATOBin (SolidRun Armada 8040 Community Board) Target Images ---> [x] ramdisk ---> * Root filesystem archives * [x] tar.gz * Root filesystem images * [x] ext4 ---> [x] Advanced configuration options (for developers) ---> (/opt/kernel/openwrt-kernel) Use external kernel tree
NoteIf you have setup a different kernel path, make sure to replace it when defining external kernel tree variable.
Save your configuration and exit the make menuconfig interface. Build the image with the make command.
user@laptop:/opt/openwrt/openwrt-dd$ make -j5
To speed up the build process, you can utilize multiple cores with the following command:
user@laptop:/opt/openwrt/openwrt-dd$ make -j$(($(nproc)+1))
When the build process finishes, the binaries will be generated inside the /bin/mvebu64/ directory. We will need the armada-8040-mcbin.dtb device tree file, openwrt-armada-a8k-MACHIATOBin-Image image and openwrt-mvebu64-armada-a8k-machiatobin-rootfs.tar.gz root file system. Binary names are, of course, identical regardless of the chosen release.
To see how to flash these files onto a USB device or SD card, see Boot from MicroSD card/USB stick - OpenWrt.